The Songlife Approach

Enhancing Music Education: Understanding Learning Styles in the Context of Myers and Briggs Personality Types

By Brendan Adams © 20 April 2024


Music education is a multifaceted field that caters to a diverse range of students with varying learning styles and personality traits. By delving into the four learning styles—The Thinker, The Feeler, The Doer, and The Dreamer—and how they intersect with the 16 personality types of the Myers and Briggs framework, music teachers can gain valuable insights into how to tailor their teaching methods to support individual students in reaching their musical potential. This essay aims to explore the importance of defining these learning styles as tools for music pedagogy, highlighting how different personalities process information uniquely, the potential for late development, and the role of music learning as a form of stress relief.

Understanding Learning Styles and Personality Types:

The four learning styles—The Thinker, The Feeler, The Doer, and The Dreamer—offer a framework for categorizing how individuals approach learning and problem-solving. When we examine these learning styles in conjunction with the 16 personality types of the Myers and Briggs model, we can draw parallels that provide valuable insights into how individuals process information and engage with music education.

For example, The Thinker may align with personality types such as INTJ (Introverted, Intuitive, Thinking, Judging) or ISTP (Introverted, Sensing, Thinking, Perceiving), who approach learning in a logical and analytical manner. The Feeler learning style may resonate with individuals who value emotional connection and harmony, such as ENFJ (Extraverted, Intuitive, Feeling, Judging) or ISFP (Introverted, Sensing, Feeling, Perceiving). The Doer learning style could be associated with personality types like ESTP (Extraverted, Sensing, Thinking, Perceiving) or ESFP (Extraverted, Sensing, Feeling, Perceiving), who thrive on hands-on experiences and practical application. Lastly, The Dreamer learning style may be linked to imaginative and creative personality types, such as INFP (Introverted, Intuitive, Feeling, Perceiving) or ENFP (Extraverted, Intuitive, Feeling, Perceiving).

16 Myers-Briggs personality types into the four learning style categories - the Thinker, the Feeler, the Doer, and the Dreamer:

1. The Thinker:

2. The Feeler:

3. The Doer:

4. The Dreamer:

1. The Thinker:

2. The Feeler:

3. The Doer:

4. The Dreamer:

This categorization aligns each personality type with the learning style category that best captures the dominant traits and preferences associated with that type. Keep in mind that individuals are complex and may exhibit traits from multiple categories, but this breakdown should provide a clearer understanding of how the Myers-Briggs personality types align with the four learning style categories.

The outcomes of the Enneagrams are not definitive. They serve as insights for a coach or educator, on how best to motivate individuals to realize and live up to their own potential

This is the enneagram that will lead us to our insights on the learning styles.

  1. When faced with a problem, what's your go-to approach?
  1. How important is it for you to enjoy what you're learning or the activities you're doing?
  1. How do you prefer to learn new things?
  1. Do you enjoy being creative and generating new ideas?
  1. How much do you enjoy expressing your feelings?
  1. Do you learn best through hands-on experiences?

Based on the combination of answers, individuals can be categorized into the following learning styles:

This test aims to help individuals identify their dominant learning style archetype among the Thinker, the Feeler, the Doer, and the Dreamer based on their responses to the questions.

By developing an awareness of these learning styles, music teachers can tailor their teaching strategies to accommodate the diverse needs and preferences of their students, fostering a supportive and inclusive learning environment.

Processing Information and Motor Skills:

Different personalities process information in distinct ways, which can impact their musical learning experience. For instance, individuals who lean towards The Thinker learning style may prefer structured lessons and theoretical concepts, while those with The Feeler learning style may excel in collaborative and emotionally engaging activities. The Doer learning style may thrive in hands-on experiences and interactive tasks, whereas The Dreamer learning style may benefit from creative and imaginative exercises.

In terms of motor skills, some individuals may naturally possess strong musical abilities and coordination, while others may require more practice and guidance to develop their motor skills. By tailoring instruction to accommodate different learning styles and personality types, music teachers can help students enhance their motor skills and deepen their understanding and appreciation of music.

Early vs. Late Potential Development:

The concept of early potential development versus late potential development is significant in the context of music education. While some individuals may display early signs of musical talent and proficiency, others may discover their passion for music later in life. It is essential for music teachers to acknowledge that potential can be developed at any stage of life and to create inclusive learning environments that support students at all points in their musical journey.

By embracing a growth mindset and providing personalized instruction that considers individual learning styles and personality traits, music teachers can empower students to explore their musical potential and express themselves through music. Late bloomers, in particular, may benefit from flexible and adaptive teaching methods that nurture their unique talents and foster continuous growth and development.

Music Learning as Stress Relief:

Music learning has the capacity to serve as a powerful form of stress relief and emotional expression for individuals of all ages. However, outdated and stringent teaching methodologies can hinder some students' ability to enjoy the learning process and may contribute to feelings of stress and anxiety. By incorporating diverse teaching strategies that consider different learning styles and personality types, music teachers can create a nurturing and stimulating learning environment that promotes relaxation and creativity.

For example, integrating mindfulness techniques, such as deep breathing exercises or calming exercises on the instrument, can help students manage performance anxiety and enhance their overall musical experience. Encouraging students to explore diverse musical genres and styles can also broaden their artistic horizons and foster a sense of joy and fulfillment in their musical practice.


By embracing a holistic approach to music education that values diversity, creativity, and individual growth, music teachers can empower students to explore their musical potential and develop a lifelong passion for music. Through thoughtful consideration of learning styles, personality traits, and the transformative power of music as a form of stress relief, educators can create inclusive and supportive learning environments that nurture creativity, inspire self-expression, and foster a deep appreciation for the art of music.

© Brendan Adams 20 April 2024